INTEGRITATE ȘI LIBERTATE RELIGIOASĂ. VALORI ȘI METODE CREȘTINE TIMPURII PENTRU CONSOLIDAREA ȘI PROMOVAREA LIBERTĂȚILOR RELIGIOASE ASTĂZI

  • Ps. drd. Bogdan Eduard Dumitru South England Conference, London, UK
Keywords: Religious Liberty, Early Christianity Rights, Religious Tolerance, Freedom of Conscience, Religious Persecution, Freedom of Worship, Christian Persecution, Moral Freedom, Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Religion

Abstract

Integrity and Religious Liberty. Early Christian Claims of Religious Freedom and their applicability today

Through this paper we aim to study the early methods successfully used by the first generations of Christians which earned their religious freedom during Constantin the Great, emperor of the Roman Empire. Due to the perseverance and  courage of the believers, Christianity became, within a timespan of only three centuries, from a persecuted religious group, a tolerated religion, and shortly after ascended to the status of the official religion of the empire. This study will show that  moral superiority, together with the moral benefits brought to the empire, played a decisive role in religious freedom recognition. Moreover, the unity and perseverance of the early Christians, along with the peaceful right claims which were  granted by God through creation, provided ultimately religious liberty. Therefore, the present study intends to emphasize few of the methods used by the first Christian generations to promote their religious rights, and to find ways through which  they can be successfully used today in order to consolidate religious rights worldwide.

References

Apologeți de Limbă Greacă. Tradusă de Olimp N. Căciulă. editată de Bartolomeu Anania. București: Editura Institutului Biblic și de Misiune al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, 1980.

The Epistle to Diognetus. Editată de Clayton N. Jefford. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

BBC News. „Sweden abortion: Nurses fail in European court case.” Last modified 2020. Accessed 23.09, 2020. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-51874119.

Clement of Rome. The Epistles of Clement. Editată de Anthony Uyl. Woodstock, Ontario: Devoted Publishing, 2017.

Eusebiu de Cezareea. Istoria Bisericească - Scrieri Partea Întâia. Tradusă de T. Bodogae. București: Editura Institutului Biblic și de Misiune al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, 1987.

Fodorean, Daniel. Aspecte ecleziologice în scrierile apologeților și polemiștilor creștini, Jurnal teologic Vol 14, Nr 1 (2015): 49-67.

Hahn, Heather. „Gay couple files complaint for refusal of wedding.” Last modified 2014. Accessed 23.09, 2020. https://www.umnews.org/en/news/gay-couple-files-complaint-for-refusal-of-wedding.

Justin Martyr. Dialog with Trypho. Tradusă de Thomas B. Falls. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2003.

Klett, Leah MarieAnn. „Religious freedom getting worse around the world; Christians remain most persecuted group: Pew.” Last modified

Accessed 23.09, 2020. https://www.christianpost.com/news/religious-freedom-getting-worse-around-the-world-christians-remainmost-persecuted-group-pew.html.

Metzger, Bruce M. The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.

Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government. „COVID-19: guidance for the safe use of places of worship during the pandemic.” Last modified 2020. Accessed 23.09, 2020. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-guidance-for-thesafe-use-of-places-of-worship-during-the-pandemic-from-4-july/covid-19-guidance-for-the-safe-use-of-places-of-worship-during-thepandemic-from-4-july.

Reis, Sr Bernadette M. „Pope Francis invites prayers for people persecuted for their religion.” Last modified 2020. Accessed 23.09, 2020. https://www.vaticannews.va/en/pope/news/2020-08/popefrancis-christians-persecution-more-martyrs-now-today.html.

Riddle, John M. A History of the Middle Ages, 300–1500. Lanham, Meryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015.

Rotaru, Ioan-Gheorghe. Drept Bisericesc, Editura Risoprint, Cluj-Napoca, 2014.

Tertullian. The Apology of Tertullian. Tradusă de Jeremy Collier. Londra: The Ancient & Modern Library of Theological Literature, 1889.

Trent, Mary Alice, Trevor Grizzle, și Margaret Sehorn. Religion, Culture, Curriculum, and Diversity in 21st Century America. Lanham: University Press of America, 2007.

White, Ellen. Hristos Lumina Lumii. București: Viață și Sănătate, 2000.

White, Ellen. Tragedia Veacurilor. București: Viață și Sănătate, 2011.

Younger, Pliny the. Complete Letters. Tradusă de P. G. Walsh. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Published
2022-04-08
How to Cite
Dumitru, P. drd. B. E. (2022). INTEGRITATE ȘI LIBERTATE RELIGIOASĂ. VALORI ȘI METODE CREȘTINE TIMPURII PENTRU CONSOLIDAREA ȘI PROMOVAREA LIBERTĂȚILOR RELIGIOASE ASTĂZI. Journal for Freedom of Conscience (Jurnalul Libertății De Conștiință), 8(2), 159-174. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6354047