Secularism: a symbolic reference of religious liberties?

  • Mihaela Alexandra Tudor Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, France, Route de Mende, 34199 Cedex 5 & IARSIC-CORHIS EA 7400
Keywords: secularization, religious liberties, religion, symbol, university


This article aims to show that secularism monopolizes symbolic references of religious liberties and it drifted away from its empirical reality starting from two categories of data - the policies put in place by the French government immediately after the Paris terrorist attacks in January 2015, and the symbolic references of secularism of the students in French public universities.