• Assoc. Prof. Ciprian-Flavius Terinte, PhD Pentecostal Theological Institute of Bucharest
Keywords: The Acts of the Apostles, Christian witness, Holy Spirit, human nature, Pentecost, repentance, Saint Peter, post-communist Romania


This article examines the event of Pentecost as reported by Saint Luke in Acts 2.1-47 emphasizing its relevance for the post-communist Romanian society. The author argues that the community of Jesus’ disciples is empowered by the Holy Spirit to  mediate Christ’s divine action of healing individual and social wounds that the communist regime inflicted on the soul of the Romanian people. It also explores the right human answer to God’s healing and saving initiative, according to Saint  Peter’s divinely inspired sermon delivered on the day of Pentecost. In Saint Luke’s narrative of the book of Acts, this response is called “repentance”, which is the human reaction to God’s gracious call that consists in regret for personal and  collective sin, the invocation of God’s forgiveness in Christ, and the beginning of a new life regenerated by the Holy Spirit. According to the biblical narrator, all the present benefits of divine healing are just the first fruits of the future glory of God’s kingdom for whichChristians bear witness.  


• Bădrăgan, Sorin, Baptiștii. Repere istorice și identitare, Cluj-Napoca, Risoprint, 2018.

• Brie, Ioan, “Promisiunea primirii Duhului Sfânt în Luca 11.1-13, din perspectivă penticostală”, în Plērōma, iunie 2015.

• Balaban, Ciprian, Istoria Bisericii Penticostale din România (1922-1989). Instituție și harisme, Oradea, Scriptum, 2016.

• Bock, Darrell, Acts (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament), Grand Rapids, Baker Academic, 2007.

• Bruce, F. F., The Book of the Acts (The New International Commentary on the New Testament), Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1988.

• Cadbury, Henry Joel, “The Speeches in Acts”, in Kirsopp Lake and Henry J. Cadbury (eds.), The Beginnings of Christianity. Part I: The Acts of the Apostles. Volume V. Additional Notes to the Commentary, London, Macmillan & Company, 1933.

• Conzelmann, H., A Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles. Hermeneia, Philadelphia, Fortress Press, 1987.

• Dunn, James D. G., The Acts of the Apostles, Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1996.

• Freedman, D. N. (ed.), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, vol. 5, New York, Doubleday, 1996.

• Ganea, Romulus, “Mesianismul în literatura comunității de la Qumran și în cărțile apocrife și pseudoepigrafe”, in Plērōma, decembrie 2000.

• Garland, David E., Acts (Teach the Text Commentary Series), Grand Rapids, Baker, 2017.

• Gaventa, Beverly Roberts, “Toward a Theology of Acts: Reading and Rereading”, Interpretation 42, 1988.

• Keener, Craig S., Gift Giver. The Holy Spirit for Today, Grand Rapids, Baker Academic, 2001.

• McGrath, Alister E., Christian Theology. An Introduction, sixth edition, Chichester, Wiley Clackwell, 2017.

• Mihăilescu, Vintilă (ed.), De ce este România astfel? Avatarurile excepționalismului românesc, Iași, Polirom, 2017.

• Parsons, Mikeal C., Acts (Paideia Commentaries on the New Testament), Grand Rapids, Baker Academic, 2008.

• Peterson, David G., The Acts of the Apostles (The Pillar New Testament commentary, Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 2009.

• Pleșu, Andrei; Liiceanu, Gabriel; Patapievici, Horia-Roman, O idee care ne sucește mințile, București, Humanitas, 2014.

• Polhill, John B., Acts (The New American Commentary), Nashville, Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1992.

• Rowe, C. Kavin, “Acts 2.36 and the Continuity of Lukan Christology”, New Testament Studies, 53, January 2007.

• Cătălin Augustin Stoica, România continua. Schimbare și adaptare în communism și postcomunism, București, Humanitas, 2018.

• Stronstad, Roger, The Charismatic Theology of Saint Luke, Peabody, Hendrickson, 1999.

• Tănase, Stelian, Revoluția ca eșec. Elite și societate, București, Humanitas, 2006; Lucian Boia, De ce este România altfel?, București, Humanitas, 2012.

• Thompson, Richard P., Acts. A Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition, Kansas City, Beacon Hill, 2015.

• Tipei, John F., Duhul Sfânt. O teologie biblică din perspectivă pentecostală, Oradea, Metanoia, 2003.

• Tipei, John F., Botezul creștin. Semnificațiile actului în Noul Testament, Oradea, Metanoia, 2004

• Tismăneanu, Vladimir; Pătrășconiu, Cristian, Cartea președinților, București, Humanitas, 2013.

• Tismăneanu, Vladimir, Diavolul în istorie. Comunism, Fascism și câteva lecții ale secolului XX, București, Humanitas, 2013.

• Tismăneanu, Vladimir, Efigii ale unui coșmar istoric, București, Humanitas, 2015

• Tucket, Christopher, “The Christology of Luke-Acts”, The Unity of Luke-Acts [ed. Joseph Verheyden; Leuven, Leuven University, 1999.

• Max Turner, Power from on High. The Spirit in Israel’s Restoration and Witness in Luke-Acts, Sheffield, Sheffield Academic, 2000.

• Wright, Christopher J. H., The Mission of God. Unlocking the Bible’s Grand Narrative, Downers Grove, IVP Academic, 2006.

How to Cite
Terinte, PhD, A. P. C.-F. (2022). THE PENTECOST AND THE RESTORATION OF HUMAN NATURE. READING ACTS 2:1-47 IN A POST-COMMUNIST ROMANIAN FRAMEWORK. Journal for Freedom of Conscience (Jurnalul Libertății De Conștiință), 9(3), 497-513.