ÎNCERCĂRILE DE RECUPERARE A MODERNITĂȚII ȘI INTEGRITĂȚII CREATOARE ÎN LITERATURA ȘI TEATRUL ROMÂNESC DE LA MIJLOCUL ANILOR '60 AI SECOLULUI XX
Attempts to Reacquisition Modernity and Creative Integrity in Romanian Literature and Theater from the Middle of the ‚60s of XXth Century
The insertion of the Soviet models in Romanian culture after the Second World War and the imposition of socialist realism as a unique method of creation at the end of 1947 were outclassed in the mid-1960s, when an attempt was made by artists and writers to revalue modernity and creative integrity. At the literary-artistic level there is an attempt to partially recover the old cultural elite (which had survived and been marginalized in the first two decades of communism), reconnecting to the European cultural trend, the links being forcibly and unhappily broken in the postwar years. The phenomenon is noticeable at the level of Romanian journalism, literary creation (where poetry successfully overcomes the phase of militant poem, agitprop poetry, prose is emancipated from the formula of „critical realism”, class pamphlet, canon based on antinomy, drama from the bodice of proletarian works, which thematically proposed the rural world marked by the new breath of agrarian reform and collectivization or the proletarian universe, necessarily transposing everyday realities and literary criticism from the constraints of socialist realism, which promoted the absolute truth of the ideological message, imposing itself now the principle of the variety of the literary meaning, the reinterpretations of the classics exceeding the deterministic-historical criterion and the analysis of the ideology of the work), theatrical movement (which knows the phenomenon of reteatralization and internationalization), highlighting the attempts to connect the Romanian cultural process to the western European evolutions.