• Drd. Mihail Ciopașiu Universitatea din București
Keywords: Apartheid, Reconciliation, Faith, Integrity, Image of God, Love, Forgiveness, Liberty of Conscience


Nelson Mandela - A Model of Reconciliation as an Expression of Integrity and Liberty of Conscience

Nelson Mandela is one of the most appreciated political leaders of the last century, who fought for human dignity and for the reconciliation between the black and the white people in South Africa. After almost fifty years of the domination of  Apartheid, the society was very divided, and many people suffered from racial discrimination. Even though Mandela faced 27 years of detention in this regime, he was prepared to change the society though his personal example and his policies.  The way he forgave his former opponents and his model of reconciliation after becoming South Africa’s president, made Mandela a model of forgiveness, reconciliation and hope. Many people question what the pillars of Mandela’s policies were  and whether the Christian values stood at the base of his approach. If his faith was the source of his public policies, why was Mandela so reluctant in publicly affirming his faith? This article is examining these questions based on Mandela’s  affirmations, what his closest collaborators mentioned about him, and analyzing some of the biographies written about Nelson Mandela.


Boehmer, Elleke. Nelson Mandela: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Crompton, Samuel. Modern Pacemakers: Nelson Mandela Ending Apartheid in South Africa. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2007.

Cruywagen, Dennis. The Spiritual Mandela: Faith and Religion in the Life of Nelson Mandela. Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2016.

David P. Gushee, și Colin Holtz. Moral Leadership for a Divided Age. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2018.

Doeden, Matt. Nelson Mandela: World Leader for Human Rights. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 2015.

Forster, Dion. „Mandela and the Methodists: faith, fallacy and fact”. Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 40, nr. Supplement (august 2014): 87–115.

Gräper, Moritz. „Mandela, Nelson”. În Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, 17:723–25. Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2019.

Kendall, Gillian. Nelson Mandela. New York: Wyatt North Publishing, 2014.

Kramer, Ann. Nelson Mandela: an Extraordinary Life. London: Franklin Watts, 2014.

Mandela, Nelson. Conversations with Myself. Auckland: Anchor Canada, 2010.

———. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. London: Little, Brown and Company, 1995.

Meredith, Martin. MANDELA: A Biography. New York: Public Affairs, 2010.

Sampson, Anthony. MANDELA: The Authorized Biography. New York: Vintage Books, 1999.

Villa-Vicencio, Charles. The Spirit of Freedom: South African Leaders on Religion and Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996.;query=;brand=ucpress.

How to Cite
Ciopașiu, D. M. (2022). NELSON MANDELA – UN MODEL AL RECONCILIERII CA EXPRESIE A INTEGRITĂȚII ȘI LIBERTĂȚII DE CONȘTIINȚĂ. Journal for Freedom of Conscience (Jurnalul Libertății De Conștiință), 8(2), 412-424.